Sarcophagus of Count Emerik Erdödy
Klanjec, Krapinsko-zagorska County, Croatia
Probably Johann Philipp Stumpf
Tin and lead alloy
Length 218 cm
Erdödy family, Franciscan Church and Monastery in Klanjec
The sarcophagus-shaped pewter casket of Count Emerik Erdödy – in the crypt of the side chapel of St. Anthony of Padua in the Franciscan Church in Klanjec – rests on the backs of four stags placed at each corner, with two outspread-winged eagles withholding the weight of the central part. On the front is the coat-of-arms of Emerik Erdödy. At each side, lace-like ornamentation surrounds a cartouche in relief, with an inscription, lion's heads with rings, and skull and crossbones.
In design and iconography, the sarcophagus shows the mature Baroque spirit expressed through the splendid workmanship and vivid imagination of the master who made it.
The skull and crossbones motif was used as a symbol of transience and a reminder of the emptiness of earthly matters.
Iconographically, the stag symbolises pious solitude, a pure life, and the Eucharist but here the stag is purely decorative. This is probably because it was a device used in Erdödy's coat of arms, and Emerik's nephews – having commissioned the sarcophagus – may have thought it fitting to use the stag whose large antlers, with seven points, may symbolise the seven decades of Emerik's life.
The use of animal figures taken from a family's coat of arms was common, and they appear often as the casket bearers of the deceased. For example, two-headed, outstretched-winged eagles carry the sarcophagus of Empress Margarita Theresa Habsburg (Capuchin crypt in Vienna), a heraldic motif that appears on the Habsburg coat of arms. Furthermore, eagles were a common feature of funereal architecture at the turn of the 17th century.
Emerik's sarcophagus has many features in common with the Habsburg sarcophagi in the Capuchin crypt.
It was usual for prominent people to have ceremonial funerals, from the setting of the rite to the appearance of the tomb. Modelling themselves on the imperial family, the families of magnates followed this trend, as seen here in the Erdödy sarcophagus. Its ornate appearance – with emphasis on the decorative effects placed inside the tomb – was a reflection of the family's great wealth. Erdödy's close cultural link with Vienna the capital, is expressed in the design and motifs of the sarcophagus attributed to the circle of the renowned 17th-century Viennese pewterers, very probably Johann Philipp Stumpf, who was the designer for Empress Eleonora Maria's (d. 1697) sarcophagus, which rests on four lions.
The sarcophagus of Count Emerik Erdödy, (d. 1690), rests on the backs of four sitting stags in the crypt of the side chapel of St. Anthony of Padua in the Franciscan Church in Klanjec, which the Croatian branch of the Erdödys built in the 17th century.
The design of the sarcophagus with sitting stags is unique, but there is a degree of an analogy with Empress Eleonora Maria’s (d. 1697) sarcophagus, which, similarly, rests on the figures of four lions, and which the Viennese pewterer, Johann Philipp Stumpf designed.
Franciscan Church and Monastery in Klanjec
From archive data and evidence on the sarcophagus still in situ; concerning its maker, according to the Viennese restorer, J. Ziegler, who restored the sarcophagus in 1998, it is the work of Johann Philipp Stumpf from Vienna.
In 1981, the Museum's Regional Collection was founded as part of the monastery complex to show works connected with the religious heritage of the Franciscan Monastery and Church in Klanjec. The sarcophagus is in situ.
Horvat, A., O metalnim sarkofazima u Klanjcu (Concerning Metal Sarcophagi in Klanjec), Zagreb, 1982.
Velicogna-Novoselec, M., Kositreni sarkofazi obitelji Erdödy u Klanjcu (The Pewter Sarcophagi of the Erdödy Family in Klanjec), Zagreb, 2007.
Nela Tarbuk "Sarcophagus of Count Emerik Erdödy" in "Discover Baroque Art", Museum With No Frontiers, 2021. http://baroqueart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;BAR;hr;Mus11_A;45;en
Prepared by: Nela Tarbuk Nela Tarbuk
AFFILIATION: Museum of Arts and Crafts, Zagreb, Croatia
TITLE: Museum Counsellor, Head of the Sacral Sculpture, Ivory and Musical
Nela Tarbuk was awarded her BA in Art History and Comparative Literature from Zagreb University (Faculty of Philosophy). As head of the Museum if Arts and Craft’s Sculpture, Ivory and Musical Instruments collections, she has curated several exhibitions and written many articles. Her special research interests focus on sacral furniture. Exhibition catalogues include Culture of the Paulines in Croatia (1989), Jesuit Heritage in Croatia (1992), Peace and Virtue (2000), Hidden Treasures (2005) and Musical Instruments from the Holdings of the Museum of Arts and Crafts (2007).
Translation by: Nikolina Jovanović
Translation copyedited by: Mandi GomezMandi Gomez
Amanda Gomez is a freelance copy-editor and proofreader working in London. She studied Art History and Literature at Essex University (1986–89) and received her MA (Area Studies Africa: Art, Literature, African Thought) from SOAS in 1990. She worked as an editorial assistant for the independent publisher Bellew Publishing (1991–94) and studied at Bookhouse and the London College of Printing on day release. She was publications officer at the Museum of London until 2000 and then took a role at Art Books International, where she worked on projects for independent publishers and arts institutions that included MWNF’s English-language editions of the books series Islamic Art in the Mediterranean. She was part of the editorial team for further MWNF iterations: Discover Islamic Art in the Mediterranean Virtual Museum and the illustrated volume Discover Islamic Art in the Mediterranean.
True to its ethos of connecting people through the arts, MWNF has provided Amanda with valuable opportunities for discovery and learning, increased her editorial experience, and connected her with publishers and institutions all over the world. More recently, the projects she has worked on include MWNF’s Sharing History Virtual Museum and Exhibition series, Vitra Design Museum’s Victor Papanek and Objects of Desire, and Haus der Kulturen der Welt’s online publication 2 or 3 Tigers and its volume Race, Nation, Class.
MWNF Working Number: HR 45