Religious orders and their function in transmitting the language of the Counter-Reformation
Artistic research would be directed to the constant search for the emotional involvement of the faithful.
By the 17th and 18th centuries, the process of reaffirmation of Catholicism in Europe had reached a consolidation stage: religious orders were beginning to implement Counter-Reformation instructions more effectively, reaching beyond Europe to newly conquered lands.
Artistic research would be directed to the constant search for the emotional involvement of the faithful, as theorised in Spiritual Exercises by Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits.
Renewal was accomplished both by refreshing existing settlements in accordance with the new guidelines, and establishing new foundations or granting sites to newly created orders.
Thus, the oldest orders, such as the Benedictines, the Cistercians, the Conventual Franciscans, the Basilians and the Pauline Fathers, were joined by others established from the 16th century, such as the Theatines, the Piarists, the Capuchins and in particular the Jesuits.
Minorite Church of Saints John and Loreto, Brno
1239; 1256; 1722; 1725; 1729–1733; 1760
Brno, Moravia, Czech Republic
Mořic Grimm (1669 Achdorf – 1757 Brno), Anton Johann Ospel, Jan Christian Pröbstl, Jan Jiří Schauberger (? before 1725 Vienna, active in Olomouc – 1744 Brno), Jan Scherz, Anton Schweigl (1700 Gaiming in Tirol – 1761 Brno), Jan Jiří Etgens (1691–1757, Brno), František Řehoř Ignác Eckstein (1689? Židovice u Žatce – 1741 Lviv), Josef Stern (1716 Graz – 1775 Brno), Felix Ivo Leicher (1727 Bílovec – 1812 Vienna), Josef Ignác Havelka (1716 Ústí nad Orlicí – 1788 Brno), František Vavřinec Korompay (1723 Rohatec u Strážnice – 1779 Brno), Antonín Richter, Michele Fontana, Michael Ignác Gunst
According to tradition, the Holy House of Mary in Nazareth was miraculously transported by angels to Loreto, now a sanctuary of the Holy House.The reconstruction of holy places as subjects of meditation, in this case on the mystery of the incarnation and the announcement of salvation, was part of an attempt to rediscover the original religion promised by the Counter-Reformation.