Reformation and Counter-Reformation
Art as political tool
The prestige of the regular orders was enhanced by missionary activity.
The Protestant faith took root in Hungary among the aristocracy and the wealthy bourgeoisie. Centre of the Protestant movements, along with the cities of Debrecen and Sárospatak, was Transylvania, where the religious union of Alba Iulia was effected (1697–1701), leading to the founding of the Romanian Greek-Catholic church.
In the western regions of the country, however, after the victory against the Turks and the liberation of Buda (1686), the Habsburg Empire gave a strong boost to Catholicism, promoting the construction of religious buildings and settlements.
In Portugal, where the monarchy was associated with religious authority, the principles of the Council of Trent were adopted as royal provisions. As such, the Inquisition could act guarding laws and prohibitions common to the Crown and the Holy See. The prestige of the Dominicans, Franciscans, and in particular of the Society of Jesus, grew on account of the missionary work carried out in Brazil, Cape Verde, southern Africa and Goa.
Parish Church of St. John of Nepomuk and former Jesuit Monastery, Székesfehérvár

Székesfehérvár, Fejér County, Hungary
Design: Paul Hartzinger; supervisor: Ignác P. Stocker SJ (1694–1761); wood carvers' supervisor: Bernát F. Baumgartner SJ (1704–after 1773), wood carvers: János Pál Koller (1727–1774), Fülöp Kratz (1693–1764), Paul Hatzinger, János Hyngeller (active 1764–1767), Károly (Karl) Bebó (1712–1779); painter/wood carver: József Cordelli; sculptor (side altars): Michelangelo Unterberger (1696–1758); painters: Caspar Franz Sambach, (1715–1795) Antal F. Werle SJ (1699–1762), János F. Magis SJ (1720–1758)
The site, where Hungarian sovereigns were crowned and buried, was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman occupation of 1543 and re-Catholicised by the Jesuits in 1688.