Devotion and Pilgrimage
Places of worship
The second main place of worship was the monasteries.
The monasteries were the second main place of worship. Some orders (such as the Jesuits) built residences all over the world, most of which included a pilgrimage church. For the monasteries, pilgrimage was first and foremost an important source of income. Secondly, it provided an important medium for propaganda of the Catholic cult, and not least, it was also a medium for representation of its religious and lay-members. The monasteries were centres of worship, liturgy, religious philosophy and culture. Sophisticated festivities were organised to celebrate the many religious feasts, which being open to the public, were important meeting places. Some church chapels were cared for by brotherhoods, whose members would tend the holy space as if they were dedicated to actual members of their own family.
Former chapel of St. Ignatius, Bologna

c. 1660–1675
Bologna, Italy
Giuseppe Barbieri (painter) documented in Bologna from 1672 as a Jesuit novice and in 1675 mentioned as pictor
The Jesuit Chapel, novitiate of St. Ignatius, was created for private worship, especially for the prayers of novices.