Name of Object:
Adoration of the Shepherds
Governor’s Palace, Brno, Moravia, Czech Republic
Moravian Gallery, Brno
Date of Object:
Artist(s) / Craftsperson(s):
Martin Johann Schmidt (Kremser-Schmidt) (1718, Grafenwörth-1801, Stein an der Donau)
Museum Inventory Number:
Material(s) / Technique(s):
Oil on canvas
H: 80 cm; w: 110 cm
Municipal Museum, Olomouc
Type of object:
Place of production:
Stein an der Donau, Austria
The New Testament account of the shepherds' adoration of the infant Jesus is rendered as a genre picture. The landscape setting is not typical of Kremser-Schmidt's oeuvre which predominantly comprised sizeable altarpieces. The artist reduced the scene to primary figures and their attributes and based the picture on atmospheric use of colour and light. A contrasting motif of a forked tree receding into a dark cloud separates the main scene from the background. The light appears to emanate from within the picture itself, from the infant Jesus, and is reflected on the hay in the barn and tools in the foreground. These motifs are reminiscent of 17th-century Dutch painting, something that Kremser-Schmidt focused upon unlike his contemporaries. His interest in chiaroscuro and the relaxed brushstrokes pay tribute to Rembrandt's painting style. The colour scheme is, however, original. The scale of brown tones illuminated with various hues of golden ochre are offset by Mary's blue robe and accents of vermilion in the detail. The palette is complemented by a grey-blue background with light effects.
The shepherds’ adoration of the infant Jesus is rendered as a genre picture. The landscape setting is not typical of Kremser-Schmidt, whose work largely comprised altarpieces for the Habsburgian lands. The painter reduced the scene to primary figures and based the picture on the atmospheric use of colour and light.
Art Museum, Olomouc
How date and origin were established:
The picture was determined as a work by Kremser-Schmidt on the basis of a style analysis by Ivo Krsek.
How Object was obtained:
The picture comes from the former Municipal Museum in Olomouc. Its original provenance is unknown.
Ivo Krsek, Ivo Krsek, Beitrag zum Werk Martin Johann Schmidts (Kremser-Schmidt), Sborník prací filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity, F 10, 1966, pp. 51–52.
Citation of this web page:
Zora Wörgötter " Adoration of the Shepherds" in "Discover Baroque Art", Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://www.discoverbaroqueart.org/database_item.php?id=object;BAR;cz;Mus11_B;43;en