Name of Object:
Convent of Santa Maria da Caridade, Sardoal, District of Santarém, Portugal
Sardoal's Holy House of Mercy, Sardoal
Date of Object:
Late 16th century
Artist(s) / Craftsperson(s):
Material(s) / Technique(s):
Painting: oil on copper; frame: wood, lacquer (urushi), gold powder, silver powder (maki-e), copper and mother of pearl inlay (raden)
H: 47.2 cm; l: 35 cm; w: 5.1 cm
Period / Dynasty:
Workshop / Movement:
Portuguese India (?)
Type of object:
Place of production:
This rectangular oratory surmounted by a triangular pediment with the monogram IHS (the abbreviation of the Greek IHSOUS, or JESUS) located at the centre, has two side-panels enclosing a painting of the Virgin Mary holding the infant Jesus. Although the lacquer decoration presents a predominantly Japanese ornamental grammar – especially a floral one – both its form and the iconography embody Christian cultural references. The pictorial image is itself an example of the possible interaction between the Jesuit painting school – operating in Japan since the 1580s – and the Japanese pupils that quickly demonstrated skill in Western-style painting.
A lacquered Namban oratory with a floral design in gold and silver powder (maki-e) and mother of pearl inlay (raden) with a painting of the Virgin Mary holding the infant Jesus.
Gaspar de Sousa Lacerda (?)
Santa Casa da Misericórdia, Sardoal
How date and origin were established:
The date and origin of the object were established on stylistic grounds and partially by the inscription (see text above).
How Object was obtained:
The object was transferred from the church of Nossa Senhora da Caridade to the Santa Casa da Misericórdia.
Okamoto, Y., The Namban Art of Japan, New York, Tokyo, 1972.
Citation of this web page:
Alexandra Curvelo "Namban Oratory" in "Discover Baroque Art", Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://www.discoverbaroqueart.org/database_item.php?id=object;BAR;pt;Mus11_A;3;en